How to type n with tilde (ñ) on Keyboard, Word/Excel, Mac

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n with tilde

How did “n with tilde” Ñ appear?

Letters Ñ or “ene” and the corresponding sound in Latin letter. Forward not sound like a mild [n], has emerged with the development of the Romance languages (Spanish, French, Italian, and others) and was originally recorded in different ways: – Dual N as a NN; – combination GN- combination NI, when there was a vowel after. Gradually the scribes reduced the double consonant to a single N with a wave representing the second small italic letter. So they saved parchment and their time. And in the thirteenth century, King Alfonso the Wise determined this spelling as preferred. So, in 1492 Ñ entered the first book on the grammar of the Spanish language.

Where else n with a tilde is Ñ used?

From Spanish Ñ came to some alphabets based on the latter. In addition, it has become entrenched in some of the other languages ​​of the country, for example, Galician and Asturian.

Why is Ñ important?

Sometimes the n with tilde completely changes the meaning of the word; it happens that it is also indecent. Soñar ≠ SonarUña ≠ UnaAño ≠ Ano Lack Ñ on keyboards at the dawn of the computer age, even in Spain caused the movement to protect letter. O other diacritical signs in Spanish (dierezise and acute accent) will cover in future articles.

n with tilde


Shortcut key for n with tilde on Windows

If your keyboard has a numeric keypad, then you can type the ñ, Ñ symbol using an Alt code – this consists of you pressing a few numbers while holding the Alt key. The numeric keypad is to the right of your keyboard – most keyboards on the desk have a numeric keypad. If you are using a laptop, you will merely see the figures on the upper row of the keyboard and not on the right like numpad. To type the ñ, Ñ symbol alt code on the keyboard, type 164, 0241 for lower case or type 165, 0209, for upper case while holding down the Alt key.

ñ= Alt + 164 or Alt + 0241 for lower case

Ñ= Alt + 165 or Alt + 0209, for upper case

Shortcut key for n with tilde on Mac

Ñ =Option + n, for upper case symbol

ñ =Option + n, for lower case symbol

Apple Mac Os or Mac book owners can use the Option +n, for upper case symbol

 Option + n, for lower case symbol keyboard shortcuts

Insert ñ or Ñ symbol in Microsoft Word

ÑCtrl+Shift+~+N   , for upper case

ñ = Ctrl+Shift+~+n, for the lower case

To insert n with tilde Ñ, ñ symbol, in Microsoft word use Ctrl+shift+N+~ for Ñ and to insert the symbol, press Ctrl+shift+~+n for, ñ.


Anywhere in the document, enter 00d1 for upper case and 00f1 for lower case symbol then select characters and press Alt and X hotkeys. The numbers are converted to a character. The keyboard layout must be English.00d1 Alt + X = Ñ and 00f1 Alt + X = ñ.

Read more 

How to Insert Check Mark Symbol (✓) on keyboard, Word/Excel

How to type a Ñ or ñ symbol in excel

  • Open an Excel file you need.
  • Go to taskbar explore and type ‘character map’.
  • Click on it to open. Select the Ñ symbol.
  • Click on ‘Copy’.
  • Right-click after the data you have to and click on ‘Paste’.


  • You can in addition use your keyboard to put a Ñ symbol.
  • Press Alt along with type 165, for Ñ symbol and 164 for ñ on your number keyboard.
  • Now release the Alt key your symbol appears automatically.
  • Please, make sure the Num Lock is on before entering the number combo.

The Ñ symbol on Latex

Here is the latex code for lower case and upper case Ñ, ñ symbol.

Lower case

\~{n} or \textasciitilde{n}

Upper case

\~{N} or \textasciitilde{N}

History of the letter n with tilde (Ñ)

When, where and why did the letter Ñ (“enye”) appear? This question is associated with a mass of legends and fictions, but few people actually know the history of this letter. The sound “n” exists in many languages ​​of the world, but the graphic representation of this sound is only in Spanish.

It all started out of a simple need: in the middle Ages, the high cost of parchment sheets forced scribes and scribes monks to invent and use abbreviations, thus accommodating more words on each line. And in order to make it clear that the word was an abbreviation, dropped letters were designated by horizontal sticks above the word. This is how the letter “ñ” appeared, which an abbreviation of the doubled “n” was originally.

Fall of the Roman Empire

As you probably know, after the fall of the Roman Empire, Latin did not cease to exist. It has survived in two different forms: on the one hand, in the form Romance languages ​​(Italian, French, Spanish, Catalan, etc.), and on the other hand, Latin continued to be used in its classical form in the scientific, literary, legal and liturgical spheres. In connection with the emergence of the Romance languages, new sounds appeared that were reflected in the alphabet. The same thing happened with enye, which was the result of the evolution of the following Latin sounds:

–NN, as in annus> año (year).
–MN, as in somnus> sueño (dream / dream).
–GN, as in pugnus> puño (fist).
–NG, as in ringere> reñir (to swear).
–NI + vowel like senior> señor.

In order to demonstrate this phoneme, scribes and scribes could have come up with a completely new letter, but they preferred to use digraphs (combinations of already existing letters):
– in Portuguese, for example, a combination of letters NH (Espanha) appeared.
– in Catalan – NY (Espanya), which resembles the Latin NI + vowel sound;
– in French and Italian, it was decided to keep the combination GN (Espagne,

Examples – n with a tilde

And Castilian, in turn, retained the combination NN. So, for example, the word
“sueño” in the Castilian language looked like “suenno” (although it was already read as in
modern Spanish). However, as mentioned earlier, in order to save space on the parchment, scribes began to place a horizontal stick over the letter N.

His text was taken from the fueros – local rights and privileges of the city of Teruel (autonomous community of Aragon) in 1176. He is a great example illustrating this phenomenon. This is what is written here: “Ninguna bestia que matara a omme non peche omicidio nin pierda la bestia su sennor.”

European Union to remove it from the alphabet

If you look closely, you can see that the word “que” has been shortened to “q” with a stick on top, the same thing happened with the letter “m” in the word “omme” (hombre). As for the letter “n”, in the word “senor” there is a stick above the “n”, indicating that in fact the word is spelled like this: “sennor”. At that time, it was too early to talk about an independent letter “ñ”, but soon it completely replaced the doubled “n”.

By the way, two decades ago, the letter was on the verge of extinction due to requirements of the European Union to remove it from the alphabet in order to achieve uniformity on the keyboard. Naturally, the Spanish government disagreed with the demand, as did the entire Spanish people.

Since then, “ñ” has become a symbol of everything Spanish, has become a sign of the struggle against international authorities that seek to lose their national identity for the sake of globalization. Very often in Spain you can find an image with the letter “ñ” and the inscription “I love eñe” , and the Spaniards themselves affectionately say: “entrañable compañera, nuestra pequeña señora eñe” – “dear friend, our little senora enye”

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